Ischemic Stroke

1. Overview

An ischemic stroke is a medical condition in which lack of blood flow to the brain causes cell death. Stroke will cause parts of the brain to stop functioning properly. Signs and symptoms of a stroke may include an inability to move or feel on one side of the body, problems understanding or speaking, dizziness, or loss of vision to one side. Signs and symptoms often appear soon after the stroke has occurred. If symptoms last less than one or two hours, the stroke is a transient ischemic attack (TIA). The symptoms of a stroke can be permanent. Long-term complications may include pneumonia and loss of bladder control.

2. Patient Education

The primary education that is given to patients regarding strokes is risk factor modification for secondary stroke prevention and the warning signals for stroke, at which time they should call 112 and go to the nearest stroke center.

Secondary stroke prevention is implemented by addressing modifiable stroke risk factors, which include hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, diet, obesity, and smoking.

As for alarm signs, the acronym FAST has been used for years, which is recently being replaced with BE FAST, which stands for balance, eyes, face, arms, speech, and time. This can be elaborated upon so that patients have a better picture of alarm symptoms and when to return to the emergency department. 


You can find professional doctors and experts about this disease here for your further consultation and treatment.

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